Yellowstone Wolves Protected But Opinions Differ

Gray wolf

Inside Yellowstone and Grand Teton national parks, wolves are considered a national treasure, an amazing wild creature to be studied and admired. Outside, in the states of Wyoming, Montana and Idaho, wolves are received with slightly less verve.

Many people in these states don't care much for wolves, although it's interesting to note that two surveys of Wyoming residents indicated that half of the state's citizens supported wolves and wolf reintroduction. But regardless of how one measures it, the wolf is a controversial animal outside the national park system.

Today, the wolf is still listed as protected under the endangered species act. Under this classification, wolves can be shot if found preying upon livestock, and as of the end of 2003, thirty-eight wolves had been killed by managers for this reason. Part of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's initial plan when reintroducing wolves into Yellowstone was to have the animals taken off that list, or de-listed, once the population was deemed stable and not in danger of slipping backwards in number. That point was reached last summer.

The equation also required all three states to come up with wolf management plans and then take over direct management of this wildlife species. Yet while Idaho and Montana's plans have been approved by the federal government, Wyoming's plan remains a sticking point.

This is because the Wyoming Legislature directed the Wyoming Game and Fish Department to draft a plan that would classify the wolves as trophy game subject to seasons and bag limits in areas immediately around the park, and as predators outside northwestern Wyoming. Under predator status, wolves could be shot, poisoned, trapped, and burned in their dens at any time of the year without any limits on the number that could be killed.

The federal government told the state that this plan was unacceptable late last year and to date, there has been no movement on changing the plan. In fact, Wyoming filed a lawsuit against the federal government on April 22.

Until plans for the three states are approved, including Wyoming's, wolves will remain under the protection of the Endangered Species Act and are free to roam all three states until an agreement on management in Wyoming is settled. That could be years away and has states like Colorado scrambling to come up with their own wolf plan as wolf numbers grow and wolves expand their range outside of Yellowstone National Park.



Reintroduction of Wolves in Yellowstone vs. Midwest

It is as predictable as sunrise in the morning. Almost every time federal wolf recovery coordinator Ed Bangs goes to a meeting about wolves in the Northern Rockies...

Releasing a Sawtooth wolf pup into the Nez Perce acclimation pen, February 1997.

1995 Reintroduction of Wolves in Yellowstone

The history of wolves in Yellowstone - what has happened to the environment when they were eradicated and when they were returned Jan 12, 1995.

yellowstone wolves off endangered species list

Wolves Off Endangered List in Wyoming

Due to recent increases in their population, wolves are no longer protected under national government regulations mandated by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Outside of Yellowstone National Park and Grand Teton National Park, wolves throughout Wyoming can be shot on sight.

Yellowstone Wolf

Wyoming's plan to manage Yellowstone wolves still falls short of Interior requirements

The state of Wyoming continues to be the odd man out, regarding how the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service wants to see western states manage Yellowstone wolves within their borders.

Yellowstone grey wolf in the snow

Yellowstone Wolves Killed December 2012

Over the past few weeks, hunters have killed seven wolves originally from Yellowstone National Park. Each of the wolves wore a GPS research collar, which helps park officials to monitor the wolf packs’ movements.

Wolf hunting patterns. Photo courtesy Public Library of Science

How Yellowstone Wolves Hunt Revealed in Research Report

Yellowstone wolves pick their prey depending on wolf pack size. Small packs attack elk. Larger packs attack bison.

Yellowstone Wolf Howling in Winter

Gray Wolves Increase Tourism in Yellowstone National Park

Ecotourism in Yellowstone has increased since gray wolves were reintroduced to the ecosystem, boosting local economies by an estimated $5 million per year.

Grizzly bear walking among flowering grass.

Yellowstone Grizzly Bears May Lose Protection

A proposal to delist the grizzly has sparked a national debate over the future of this endangered animal. Should we open grizzlies to hunting?