Ever walked through a winter wonderland? Visit Yellowstone National Park between November and March and you’ll likely get your chance. Covered in a blanket of white, the terrain looks as quiet and peaceful as it feels. Add in landscapes of steaming geysers for an ethereal feel and you’ve got a recipe for a great vacation!
Just be sure that you’re prepared. Here are some tips and dates to keep in mind.
Yellowstone's Winter Season
Many roads close to wheeled traffic in mid October, except for the roads at the north entrance which remain open year round. In 2017, Tower Fall to Canyon (Dunraven Pass), Beartooth Highway (US 212 to Red Lodge, Montana) closed Oct. 10, 2017. On Nov. 6, 2017, all roads close at 8 am except the road between the North Entrance and the Northeast Entrance.
The park opens for winter recreation and over-snow travel in mid December. for the 2017-18 winter, roads will open to oversnow travel by snowmobile and snowcoach at 8 a.m. on the following dates:
- Dec. 15, 2017: West Entrance to Old Faithful, Mammoth to Old Faithful, Canyon to Norris, Canyon to Lake, Old Faithful to West Thumb, South Entrance to Lake, Lake to Lake Butte Overlook.
- Dec. 22, 2017: East Entrance to Lake Butte Overlook (Sylvan Pass)
The winter recreation season closes in March. Here are the spring 2018 closure dates. Roads will close to oversnow travel by snowmobile and snowcoach at 9 p.m. on the following dates:
- March 1, 2018: East Entrance to Lake Butte Overlook (Sylvan Pass).
- March 4, 2018: Mammoth to Norris.
- March 6, 2018: Norris to Madison, Norris to Canyon.
- March 11, 2018: Canyon to Fishing Bridge.
- March 15, 2018: All remaining groomed roads close.
Most of the park is closed for a couple weeks in April to plow the roads in preparation for the summer season. In 2018, the following roads are slated to reopen for the summer season, pending weather conditions.
- April 20, 2018: West Entrance to Madison, Mammoth to Old Faithful, Norris to Canyon.
- May 4, 2018: East Entrance to Lake (Sylvan Pass), Canyon Junction to Lake.
- May 11, 2018: South Entrance to West Thumb, Lake to West Thumb, West Thumb to Old Faithful (Craig Pass), Tower Junction to Tower Fall.
- May 25, 2018: Tower Fall to Canyon Junction (Dunraven Pass)
- May 25, 2018: Beartooth Highway
Find out more about Yellowstone Winter Road Access.
Where to Stay Inside the Park in Winter
Many of Yellowstone's hotels and cabins, including the famous Old Faithful Inn, are only open during the summer season. However, there are a couple of options for lodging during the winter inside the park.
Learn more about the park's Winter Lodging.
What to Wear in Winter at Yellowstone
Winter weather in Yellowstone can be severe, but when you’re dressed appropriately it’s fun to brave the cold. One of the most important tips to attire in this environment: Wear layers—especially if you’re going to be moving around skiing, snowshoeing or hiking.
Your layering lineup should include a windproof, hooded outer layer and baselayers, like wool or synthetic long underwear-esque items for both your upper and lower body. Avoid cotton jeans and sweatshirts if you plan to be active; these items lack wicking ability leaving you wet and cold. Choose thick socks and boots when hiking over well-trodden areas and add gaiters to the mix if you’ll be wandering through knee-deep snow. Hats are a must since you lose most of your heat from your head, and don’t forget the gloves/mittens to keep those fingers warm. Pro tip: Disposable hand-warmers stuffed into mittens can be a treat for those who get cold easily or have poor circulation to their hands.
One thing many people forget when adventuring outside in snowy conditions: sun protection. High-altitude sunlight reflecting off of snow is even more intense than at lower elevations, so be sure to pack the sunglasses and lather sunscreen onto any exposed skin to avoid sunburn.
Winter Activities in Yellowstone
Wondering what to do on your visit to a snow-covered Yellowstone? We have plenty of ideas! Take advantage of that white blanket of snow to zip through Yellowstone on a different form of transportation. Winter in the park provides opportunities to take in the steaming geyser basins and wildlife via snowshoes, cross country skis, snowmobiles and snowcoaches.
Yellowstone Wildlife in Winter
Wolf Watching in Wintertime
Longing to see Yellowstone’s most elusive major predator, the wolf? There’s no better time to get a glimpse of these beautiful animals than in winter, when their dark coats stand out against the white snow. Go on a wolf-watching tour for the best chance to spot one.
Only have one day? Opt for the 8-hour tours from the Yellowstone Forever, which explore Yellowstone’s northern range in search of wildlife. Try a short hike, snowshoe or ski outing as part of the day.
Yellowstone Safari Company offers a two-day trip to Yellowstone’s northern range, the Winter Wolf and Wildlife Safari. Participants get a long evening to look for the wolves, and then get an early-morning start the following day.
If you want a longer trip, check out Wolf Tracker, which offers five-day trips, including Wolf Watches in Gardiner, Mont. as well as a Wolf Retreat in Bozeman, Mont. Outings are led by a knowledgeable husband and wife team: He’s a Yellowstone native who’s studied wolf and elk ecology and she’s a researcher and conservationist.
Elk Migrate in Winter
The National Elk Refuge is a great option for elk-viewing in the winter months. See thousands of elk while gliding along in a horse-drawn carriage.
Bison Migrate in Winter
Bison head for lower elevations during the winter in order to find food. Yellowstone’s central bison herd typically heads to the park’s west boundary during the colder months, whereas the northern herd usually migrates within park boundaries.
Bears Hibernate in Winter
Sorry folks. Bears are hibernating for the winter. Watch a video of a grizzly and cub hibernating.