Owls of Yellowstone

Yellowstone National Park’s owl population is difficult to spot due to their nocturnal habits. However, if you’re lucky, you might catch a glimpse of one of these incredible birds.

The Great Horned Owl

Great Horned Owl

Great Horned Owl. 

This owl species is one of the most widespread types of owls in North America, and it’s the most common owl in Yellowstone National Park. Named for the tufts of feathers on the upper part of their head that resemble horns, the great horned owl has a light gray underside stripped with dark bars (basically stripes), a white band of feathers on its upper breast and yellow-orange eyes. They often hunt from high perches, spotting their prey and then swooping down to snatch it with large, sharp talons.

Great Horned Owl Chicks

Great Horned Owl Chicks Three Weeks Old

The Great Grey Owl

Great Gray Owl

Great Gray Owl

This species of owl prefers to live in secluded coniferous forests, taking over abandoned hawk or eagle nests or tree stumps and claiming them for their own. They typically eat small rodents like mice and squirrels. Although the great grey owl has a massive 60-inch wingspan, the bird looks brawnier than it is. A typical adult weighs only 2-3 pounds.

Burrowing Owls

Burrowing Owl

Burrowing Owl

You’ll recognize a burrowing owl by its round head, white eyebrows, yellow eyes and long legs. Their heads, backs and the upper parts of their wings are sandy colored, while their breast and bellies are whitish or cream with barring. Burrowing owls also have a white chin stripe. These ground-dwelling owls eat a variety of different things, including small mammals like mice, rats, gophers, and ground squirrels as well as beetles and grasshoppers.

Short-Eared Owls

These owls are brown with dark streaks on the chest, belly and back, coloring that provides great camouflage. Males tend to be a bit lighter in color than females. Short-eared owls are great actors; they’ll play dead to evade a predator.

Boreal Owls

Boreal owls are strictly nocturnal creatures that eat small mammals, birds and insects. They typically nest in abandoned woodpecker nests and other recesses in trees. Boreal owls are relatively small with a body length between 8 and 11 inches; however, their wingspans stretch to between 19 and 25 inches.

Long-Eared Owls

Long-eared owls have what appears to be, you guessed it, long ears—although actually these “ears” are just tufts of long, black and reddish brown feathers. Their actual ears are just holes on either side of their head under the feathers. Long-eared owls can be distinguished from great horned owls by their brownish-colored bodies with heavy barring and stripes on their breast and belly.

The Northern Pygmy Owl

This tiny, woodland owl feeds during the day. Their upper bodies are gray, brown or red with a lighter colored stomach streaked with brown. White dots cover the head and nape of the neck.


Bald Eagle Reflection

Bald Eagles in Yellowstone

If you’re looking to get a close-up look at America’s national symbol, Yellowstone National Park is a great place to do it. Bald eagles are often spotted soaring through the skies, especially around lakes and rivers.

River Otter at Trout Lake in Yellowstone

Yellowstone River Otters

If you’re lucky in Yellowstone National Park, you’ll get a chance to see one of the park’s most playful inhabitants: the Yellowstone river otter.

Yellowstone Wildlife Bald Eagle

Yellowstone Wildlife Field Guide: Birds

Happily, many species of birds in Yellowstone today are success stories, having come back from zero or very low population levels just a few decades ago. Good examples are the osprey, bald eagle, and most recently, the peregrine falcon.

Bison along Rose Creek in Lamar Valley in Yellowstone.

Yellowstone Bison (Buffalo) FAQs

These large mammals are abundant in the park, stand 6 feet tall, and weigh over half a ton. There are typically 4,000-5,000 bison in Yellowstone.

Grizzly bear and cub.

Yellowstone Bear FAQs

Here are the answers to the difference between a grizzly and black bear, the odds of seeing a bear in the park, and if you should be afraid of bears.


Snakes in Yellowstone

Five types of snakes can be found in Yellowstone - the rattlesnake being the only venomous one.


Snowshoeing in Yellowstone Cures Cabin Fever

If you're looking for an easy, affordable way to beat the winter blues, then you must try snowshoeing in Yellowstone National Park.

A Yellowstone Association guide teaching about geothermal features in the park

Yellowstone Forever Tours - Wildlife, Geysers, Photography

The park’s official nonprofit education partner, dedicating itself to educating visitors about Yellowstone and teaching them the importance of preserving this national treasure

Migrating elk at the National Elk Refuge

National Elk Refuge in Jackson Hole

Take a sleigh ride and see more than 5,000 elk when they migrate to this lower elevation during the winter near Grand Teton National Park.